Ludhiana /ˌlʊdiˈɑːnə/ is the largest city of the Indian state of Punjab and 28th largest urban agglomeration in India. The city has an area of 159 km2 (61 sq mi) and an estimated population of 1,618,879 as of the 2011 census. The city stands on the old bank of Sutlej River, that is now 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) to the south of its present course. It is an industrial center of northern India, often referred to as Indian Manchester by BBC. Ludhiana is among the list of smart cities that will be developed by government of India and has been ranked as the easiest city in India for business according to the World Bank.
Ludhiana is 107 kilometres (66 mi) west of the state capital, Chandigarh, and is centrally located on National Highway 44, which runs from New Delhi to Amritsar. It is 315 km (194 miles) north of Delhi and 142 km (88 miles) southeast of Amritsar.
Ludhiana was founded in 1480 by members of the ruling Lodhi dynasty of the Delhi Sultanate. The ruling sultan, Sikandar Lodhi, dispatched two ruling chiefs, Yusaf Khan and Nihand Khan, to re-assert Lodhi control. The two men camped at the site of present Ludhiana, which was then a village called Mir Hota. Yusaf Khan crossed the Sutlej and established Sultanpur, while Nihand Khan founded Ludhiana on the site of Mir Hota.
The name was originally “Lodhi-ana”, meaning “Lodhi town”, which has since shifted from “Lodiana” to the present form of Ludhiana. The Lodhi Fort, or “Purana Qila”, is the only surviving structure in the city from this period; located in the neighbourhood of Fatehgarh, it was well-maintained under Ranjit Singh and the British after him, but then fell into disrepair. It was declared a state-protected monument in December 2013.
The Semi Centennial Celebration of the American Presbyterian Lodiana Mission was held in Ludhiana from 3–7 December 1884.[
Ludhiana is located at 30.9°N 75.85°E. It has an average elevation of 244 meters (798 ft). Ludhiana City, to its residents, consists of the Old City and the New City. The new city primarily consists of the Civil Lines area which was historically known as the residential and official quarters of the colonial British encampment.
The land dips steeply to the north and the west where, before 1785, the river Sutlej ran.
The Old Fort was at the banks of the Sutlej (and now houses the College of Textile Engineering). Legend has it that a tunnel connects it to the fort in Phillaur– although why this should be is debatable, as the Sutlej was the traditional dividing line between the principalities, often occupied by enemy forces (see History section).
The ground is of yellow sandstone and granite, forming small hillocks, plateaus and dips.
The tree of largest natural extraction was the kikar, or Acacia Indica, but has been supplanted by the eucalyptus, transplanted from rural Australia in the late 1950s by the government of Chief Minister Pratap Singh Kairon.
Gulmohars and jacarandas were planted by the British along the avenues of Civil Lines, as were other flowering trees, while the Old City contains almost no vegetation or parks, except for a few isolated pipal trees, holy to the Hindus, as it is supposed to be the abode of Lord Shiva.
The World Bank ranked Ludhiana as the city in India with the best business environment in 2009 and 2013. The riches are brought mostly by small-scale industrial units, which produce industrial goods, machine parts, auto parts, household appliances, hosiery, apparel, and garments. Ludhiana is Asia’s largest hub for bicycle manufacturing and produces more than 50% of India’s bicycle production of more than 10 million each year. Ludhiana produces 60% of India’s tractor parts and a large portion of auto and two-wheeler parts. Many parts used in German cars such as Mercedes and BMW are exclusively produced in Ludhiana to satisfy the world requirement. It is one of the largest manufacturer of domestic sewing machines. Hand tools and industrial equipment are other specialties. Ludhiana contribute most to Punjab than any other city.
Ludhiana is a large industrial city in the north Indian state of Punjab. The Punjab Agricultural University is home to the Museum of Rural Life, which displays pottery, musical instruments and traditional Punjabi clothing. Nearby, leafy Nehru Rose Garden features ornamental fountains and more than one thousand different rose varieties. To the north, Maharaja Ranjit Singh War Museum documents Punjabi military history.
Ludhiana gets its name from the Lodhi Dynasty, which is believed to have founded the city in 1480. During the reign of the Mughal emperor Akbar the area formed part of the Sarkar of Sirhind. Chakar, Talwandi Rai in 1478 AD, Raikot in 1648 AD and Jagraon in 1688 AD were founded by the Rai family of Raikot.
In the latter period of Mughal rule the western part of the district was leased to the Rais of Raikot. By the early eighteenth century, they had become semi-independent of the Mughals. The villages in Ludhiana district remained independent and under the rule of local powerful village Sikh chieftains, from 1707 to 1835. In 1747 Ahmad Shah Durrani invaded and battled the imperial army near Khanna. Although the Mughals were able to stop Ahmad Shah, his subsequent invasions weakened the Mughals, which allowed the Rais to take control of Ludhiana town in 1760.
Ludhiana District is one of the 23 districts in the Indian state of Punjab. It is Punjab’s largest district by both area and population. Ludhiana, the largest city in Punjab, is the district headquarters.
The main industries are bicycle parts and hosiery.Ludhiana is a hub of ladies footwear manufacturing small scale units around 10000 units.Ludhiana is the largest city in the state. The district is made up of eight tehsils, seven sub-tehsils and twelve development blocks.
Ludhiana district has the highest HDI in Punjab at 0.761 (2004 UNDP).
An official Census 2011 detail of Ludhiana, a district of Punjab has been released by Directorate of Census Operations in Punjab. Enumeration of key persons was also done by census officials in Ludhiana District of Punjab.
In 2011, Ludhiana had population of 3,498,739 of which male and female were 1,867,816 and 1,630,923 respectively. In 2001 census, Ludhiana had a population of 3,032,831 of which males were 1,662,716 and remaining 1,370,115 were females. Ludhiana District population constituted 12.61 percent of total Maharashtra population. In 2001 census, this figure for Ludhiana District was at 12.45 percent of Maharashtra population.
There was change of 15.36 percent in the population compared to population as per 2001. In the previous census of India 2001, Ludhiana District recorded increase of 24.89 percent to its population compared to 1991.
|Population||34.99 Lakhs||30.33 Lakhs|
Ludhiana is connected with other cities of Punjab and also with other states by bus service. Major national highways NH 44, NH 5 (old NH1, NH95 respectively) and state highway SH 11 connect to the city. The transportation services are provided by the state owned Punjab Roadways and private bus operators.
City bus service has been cancelled. Moving around inside the city is done mostly by auto-rickshaws, and cycle rickshaws, while latest Ludhiana BRTS was planned to be constructed but due to lack of funds allotted and weak planning and management the project too has been scrapped by the government thus worsening the traffic problems in the industrial city.
Ludhiana is served by the city based Sahnewal Airport ((IATA: LUH, ICAO: VILD)), also known as Ludhiana Airport. It is located near the town of Sahnewal, 5 km (3.1 mi) southeast of Ludhiana on the Grand Trunk Road. The airport is spread over more than 130 acres (53 ha). The current airport arrival/departure halls can accommodate 40 passengers. A new airport in Ludhiana is coming up at Halwara Air Force Station the work of which is expected to commence from April end of 2021. Meanwhile, Public Works Department (PWD) officials have said that about one fourth of the boundary wall work of the airport has been already completed.[when?]
Chandigarh Airport is the nearest International Airport to Ludhiana. Other nearby airports are Adampur Airport in Jalandhar and Sri Guru Ram Dass Jee International Airport in Amritsar.
Firoz Gandhi Market is rated as 4.3/5 basis 1 reviews on environment, commuting & places of interest by Owners, Agents & Visitors. It is rated best on Cleanliness, Connectivity parameters where it is being given an average rating of 5.0 while rated not good on Traffic, Hospital as shown by average rating of 3.5.
Westend Mall in Ludhiana is a posh one. This high-end mall has lavish interiors and amenities. Apart from showcasing all the top-notch brands, like Body Shop, Accessorize, Giovani, Bose, Adidas, I Store, UCB, Only, Park Avenue, Blackberrys, Nike, Woodland, Kazo, Levi’s, Puma, Planet Fashion, Reid & Taylor, etc. Many brands, such as BMW, Samsung, Nokia, Ford, Mercedes, Sony, Toyota, Blenders Pride Fashion Week etc. Westend mall has an exquisite food court and a spa named The Woodhouse Day Spa. It is home to the best multiplex of Ludhiana, Waves Cinemas.
PVR is one of the famous movie theatres in the heart of Ludhiana. The cinema hall has 2D and 3D screens with comfortable seats. It offers a variety of foods, and many coupons are available on movie tickets and food. Moreover, gift cards, bulk booking & online booking facilities are available. PVR has created a wholesome movie experience for its audiences, and it will be an excellent choice for an ideal movie viewing experience. It also serves 600 screens at 131 properties in 51 cities.
Rakh Bagh is one of the favourite spots for joggers, children, and walkers. It is a leisure space for the tourists and locals with its well-maintained garden. The park is surrounded by trails for bicycle riders, and it houses exercising machines on the kid’s play area. There are food joints in and around the Rakh Bagh’s premises to munch on refreshments and a swimming pool for learners. The park has recreational facilities and outdoor fitness equipment.
Commenced its operation in November 2013, Fortis Hospital Ludhiana has become one of the most revered tertiary care hospitals in the region catering to the healthcare needs of people residing in Ludhiana and its adjoining districts. This 259-bedded capacity multi-specialty hospital comes well equipped with state-of-the-art technology and world-class infrastructure including 6 Laminar Flow Operation Theaters, Cath Lab, round-the-clock triage to handle all sort of emergencies, one-of-its-kind physiotherapy facility to name a few. Touching over a lakh people every year, the hospital is known for its expertise in Cardiology, Orthopaedics & Joint Replacement, Oncology, Urology, Neurology, Neurosurgery, Gynaecology, Gastro sciences, and Breast surgery. With the special focus on a few medical conditions and patient groups, it runs specialty clinics such as Breast clinic, Spine clinic, Pain Clinic, Sports Injury Clinic and Child Clinic.