Meerut is a city in the western part of the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is an ancient city, with settlements dating back to the Indus Valley civilisation having been found in and around the area. The city lies 70 km (43 mi) northeast of the national capital New Delhi, within the National Capital Region and 430 km (270 mi) west of the state capital Lucknow.
As of 2011, Meerut is the 33rd most populous urban agglomeration and the 26th most populous city in India. It ranked 292 in 2006 and is projected to rank 242 in 2020 in the list of largest cities and urban areas in the world. The municipal area (as of 2016) is 450 km2 (170 sq mi). The city is one of the largest producers of sports goods, and the largest producer of musical instruments in India. The city is also an education hub in western Uttar Pradesh, and also known as the “Sports City Of India”. The city is famous for being the starting point of the 1857 rebellion against British colonial rule.
Fragment of the 6th Ashoka Pillar in sandstone, with inscription of Edicts of Ashoka, in Brahmi, originally from Meerut, now in the British Museum.
In Ramayana, It was known as ‘Maydant Ka Kheda’, the capital of May danav. It was hometown of Mandodari.
After the archaeological excavations at Vidura-ka-tila, a collection of several mounds named after Vidura, in 1950–52, a site 37 km (23 miles) north-east of Meerut, it was concluded to be remains of the ancient city of Hastinapur, the capital of Kauravas and Pandavas of Mahabharata, which was washed away by Ganges floods.
Meerut also contained a Harappan settlement known as Alamgirpur. It was also the easternmost settlement of the Indus valley civilisation. Meerut had been a centre of Buddhism in the period of Mauryan Emperor Ashoka (r. 273 BC to 232 BC.), and remains of Buddhist structures were found near the Jama Masjid in the present day city. The Ashoka Pillar, at Delhi ridge, next to the ‘Bara Hindu Rao Hospital’, near Delhi University, was carried to Delhi from Meerut, by Firuz Shah Tughluq (r. 1351–1388); it was later damaged in a 1713 explosion, and restored in 1867.
Meerut is the largest city in NCR after Delhi also known as sports city of India. Meerut lies between the plains of the Ganges and those of the Yamuna. In area Meerut district covers 2,522 km2 (974 sq mi), which is larger than Delhi (Delhi covers an area of 1,484 km2 [573 sq mi]). However, Meerut’s population is three times less than that of Delhi (Current population of Meerut is 3,443,689).
The cover of the book Sangeet Puranmal Ka (lit. The Music of Puranmal) by Ramlal. The book was published in 1879 from the city.
Meerut is one of the important industrial towns of western Uttar Pradesh with several traditional and modern industries. It is traditionally known for handloom works and scissors industry. Meerut was one of the first cities in northern India where publishing was set up during the 19th century. It was a major center of commercial publishing during the 1860s and 1870s.
Meerut is a rich agricultural area, which also contains land that is not suitable for harvest.. Being in the proximity of Delhi, it is ideal for industry. It is home to 520 micro, small and medium scale industries. As of August 2006, Meerut has about 23,471 industrial units, including 15,510 small-scale units and 7,922 cottage industries.
Existing industries in the city include tyres, textile, transformer, sugar, distillery, chemical, engineering, paper, publishing, and sports goods manufacture. Prospective industries include IT and ITES.
Meerut district, is one of the districts of Uttar Pradesh state of India, and Meerut is the district headquarters. Meerut district is also a part of the Meerut division. The administrative head of district of Meerut is a District Magistrate while the administrative head of Meerut Division is Divisional Commissioner, an IAS officer.
The district was established under British rule in 1818 and, on establishment, constituted the then tehsils of Meerut, Ghaziabad, Mawana, Baghpat, Sardhana and Hapur. These now constitute the districts of Meerut, Ghaziabad, Hapur, Bagpat, Muzaffarnagar, Bulandshahr and a part of Gautam Buddh Nagar district.
Meerut district lies between 28°57’ to 29°02’ North latitude and 77°40’ to 77°45’ East longitude in the Indo-Gangetic plains of India. It is bound on the north by Muzaffarnagar district, in the south by Bulandshahar district while Ghaziabad and Baghpat districts form the southern and western limits. The river Ganges forms the eastern boundary and separates the district from Moradabad district and Bijnor district.
According to the 2011 census Meerut district has a population of 3,443,689, roughly equal to the nation of Panama or the US state of Connecticut. This gives it a ranking of 94th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 1,346 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,490/sq mi).Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 14.89%. Meerut has a sex ratio of 886 females for every 1000 males, lower than the state average of 908; while the child sex ratio is 852, lower than the state average of 899.The district has a literacy rate of 72.84%, higher than the state average of 69.72%.
|Population||34.44 Lakhs||29.97 Lakhs|
The nearest airport is the Indira Gandhi International Airport which is about 100 km away.
The Dr. Bhim Rao Ambedkar Airport is located at Partapur. It was proposed by the state government that the airstrip be converted to an international airport to reduce pressure on Delhi airport. However, Plans to expand the Domestic airport were called off after protests against land acquisition started in other parts of the state. Following an accident in May 2012, the city administration barred private flights from using the airstrip.
There are 2 main bus terminals, namely Bhainsali bus terminal and Sohrab Gate bus terminal from where Uttar Pradesh State Road Transport Corporation (UPSRTC) buses ply to cities all over the state and all nearby cities. A JNNURM scheme was put in place. Low Floor City Buses (under JNNURM), Normal City Buses, auto rickshaws and rickshaws are convenient public transport options to commute within the city. Many new transport infrastructure projects like inner ring road, outer ring road and construction of new flyovers are proposed.
Meerut lies on the Delhi–Saharanpur electrified railway line and has five railway stations: Meerut City, Meerut Cantt, Partapur, Mohiuddinpur and Pabli Khas. Meerut City railway station is the busiest. The railway line between Delhi and Meerut was constructed in 1864 and the Meerut Cantt station, which serves as a secondary railway station was founded in 1865.
About 20,000 passengers travel daily to Delhi and back. Around 27 pairs of trains run between Meerut and Delhi, and four between Meerut and Khurja. Two trains are available for Lucknow daily, namely Nauchandi Express and Rajya Rani Express. A weekly train goes to Chennai and Kuchuvelli. Daily trains connect Meerut to Bombay, Ahmedabad, Jaipur, Rajkot and cities in other states.
Best Price Modern Wholesale is a business-to-business, owned and operated by Wal-Mart India Pvt. Ltd. Wal-Mart India currently operates 29 best price modern wholesale stores and two fulfilment centres in 9 states across India. Walmart is the world’s leading retailer renowned for its efficiency and expertise in logistics, supply chain management and sourcing. It houses 50,000 sq. ft., offering more than 5,000 items, across product categories. The mission of Best Price is to “Enable small businesses to prosper.” They provide thousands of items at the lowest possible prices.
Shopprix Mall is a spacious and elegant shopping mall located in Meerut. It spread over 4,50,000 square feet and fully air-conditioned. The mall has a 3-screen multiplex comprising 30,000 square feet, a 4-star hotel, and a banquet hall. The mall offer all-in-one shopping, entertainment and dining experience to locals and international tourists. Shopprix Mall has kids play region to play and enjoy thier time in the mall. The mall offers an engaging and vibrant lifestyle experience with all-round.
INOX is one of the best cinema halls in Meerut. It has set high benchmarks of luxury, service & technology in the cinema industry. INOX was the 1st cinema chain in the country to operate a Laserplex, a multiplex with all the screens enabled with Laser Projection. Phone booking and online ticket booking facilities are available. INOX also provides the best visual experience and comfortable seats. It also serves 121 multiplexes and 485 screens in 59 cities.
Gandhi Park is one of the oldest public parks located in Meerut. It is a perfect spot for a family picnic. The park has beautiful children play area, boat rides, car rides, and even camel rides. Gandhi Park has a fresh aroma of flowers, lush green grounds, the mango, mulberries, and bamboo trees, terracotta park, natural surroundings, the walking trek, cricket ground, beautiful lake and musical fountain. There is no entry fee.
Nutema Hospital is one of the leading multispecialty hospitals in Meerut. They have a dedicated team of doctors and are highly experienced and skilled in their profession. They treat more than ten thousand patients with five hundred happy staff. Equipped with the latest technology, their facilities seek to provide exceptional medical care. Their vision is to patients satisfaction and improves their lifestyle healthier. Emergency service is available for 24 hours.