Mira-Bhayandar is a city and municipal corporation in Thane district in the state of Maharashtra, India located in the northern part of Salsette Island before the Vasai Creek, and shares a border with North Mumbai. Mira-Bhayandar is administered by Mira-Bhayandar Municipal Corporation (MBMC), with a population at the 2011 Census of 814,655. Mira-Bhayandar is a part of Mumbai Metropolitan Region (MMR).
In times of the British Raj in India, the residents of the Mira-Bhayandar area participated in the Salt Satyagraha.
The Mira Bhayandar Municipal council was formed on 12 June 1985 by incorporating all the village Gram Panchayats. Consequently, MBMC got an administrative officer and a chief officer to look after the affairs of the area. MBMC is currently run by the BJP.
The 2011 India census recorded a population of 814,655 in Mira-Bhayandar. According to the Indian Census data, the majority of the population are Hindus followed by Muslims and Christians
Economic growth is led by the manufacturing sector. Bhayandar is divided into two parts by the Mumbai suburban rail line – East and West. Mira Road has seen development only in the East part, while the West part, on the other side of the railway line is covered with salt pans and mangroves. Mira Road East is a predominantly residential area. Its calm, quiet surroundings and low pollution make it a desirable residential oasis.
Bhayandar West was traditionally residential, and the East predominantly an industrial area in the field of steel utensils manufacturing. Recent population growth and a flurry of construction has blurred the boundaries between Bhayandar and neighboring Mira Road on the East side of the rail tracks, turning it into a populous suburb. Government-owned Salt Pans and marshland in West Mira Road have restricted the southward spread of Bhayandar. There is a lot of scope for development of this land as it has the potential to house a large industrial complex.
Mira Bhayander has three dominant languages with large Gujarati community residing in most of the suburbs of Northern Mumbai that stretches from Bhayander to Bandra , it is also shown in the linguistic demography of the suburb, while the official language Marathi is spoken by the natives of the land and migrants from other parts of Maharashtra, Hindi is the main language of communication and in trade and commerce in the suburban region of Mumbai and Mumbai Metropolitan region, is spoken by most of the North Indian Community as their native language. Marathi, the official language, is the mother tongue of 30.62% mostly in Uttan and Gorai area, while the dominant language, Gujarati is mother tongue by 35.13% of the population. Hindi by 24.90% as their mother tongue. Hindi is by far the major language spoken as the language of communication by all the people living in the suburbs and metropolitan area of Mumbai as their language of communication