Rajkot (Hindustani: [ˈraːdʒkoːʈ] ( listen)) is the fourth-largest city in the state of Gujarat, India, after Ahmedabad, Surat and Vadodara and is in the centre of the Saurashtra region of Gujarat. Rajkot is the 35th-largest metropolitan area in India, with a population of more than 2 million as of 2021. Rajkot is the 6th cleanest city of India, and it is the 7th fastest-growing city in the world as of March 2021. The city contains the administrative headquarters of the Rajkot District, 245 km from the state capital Gandhinagar, and is located on the banks of the Aji and Nyari rivers. Rajkot was the capital of the Saurashtra State from 15 April 1948 to 31 October 1956, before its merger with Bombay State on 1 November 1956. Rajkot was reincorporated into Gujarat State on 1 May 1960.
Rajkot has been under different rulers since it was founded. It has had a long history and had a significant influence in the Indian independence movement. Rajkot was home to many personalities like Mahatma Gandhi. Rajkot is in a transition period of growing cultural, industrial, and economical activities. Rajkot is the 26th largest city in India and the 22nd fastest-growing urban area in the world.
Rajkot was the capital of Saurashtra state from 15 April 1948 to 31 October 1956 before merging in bilingual Bombay State on 1 November 1956. Rajkot was merged into Gujarat State from bilingual Bombay state on 1 May 1960. Thakur Saheb Pradyumansinhji died in 1973. His son, Manoharsinhji Pradyumansinhji, has carved out a political career at the provincial level, succeeded him. He served as a Member of the Gujarat Legislative Assembly for several years and as the state Minister for Health and Finance. Monoharsinhji’s son, Mandattasinh Jadeja has embarked on a business career.
Rajkot is located at 22.3°N 70.78°E. It has an average elevation of 128 metres (420 ft). The city is located on the bank of Aji River and Nyari River which remains dry except the monsoon months of July to September. The city is spread in the area of 170.00 km².
Rajkot is situated in the region called Saurashtra in the Gujarat state of India. The significance of Rajkot’s location is owing to the fact that it is one of the prime industrial centres of Gujarat. Rajkot has a central location in the area called the Kathiawar peninsula. The city is located within the Rajkot district in Gujarat. Rajkot city is the administrative headquarters of the district of Rajkot. The district is surrounded by Botad in the east, and Surendranagar in the north, Junagadh and Amreli in the south, Morbi in the northwest and Jamnagar in the west and Porbandar in the southwest.
The city contributes to the economy of the state with heavy and small scale industries under the patronage of Gujarat Industrial Development Corporation (GIDC) and Gujarat State Financial Corporation (GSFC). The economy of Rajkot was supported with a 280 million World Bank aid for development of infrastructure of the city. The plans are already in place to beautify and modernise the ancient city, including a Rock Garden, ala Chandigarh. Another 250 million project to rebuild the Kaiser-e-Hind, the only major bridge linking to the city, is already nearing completion.
Products made in Rajkot include jewellery, silk embroidery and watch parts. Industrial products include bearings, diesel engines, kitchen knives and other cutting appliances, watch parts (cases and bracelets), automotive parts, forging industry, casting industry, machine tools, share market and software development. The city is also home to several CNC machine and auto parts manufacturers.
There are about 500 foundry units in Rajkot. The cluster came up mainly to cater to the casting requirements of the local diesel engine industry. The geographical spread of the cluster includes Aji Vasahat, Gondal Road, Bhavanagar Road areas, Shapar, Veraval and Metoda. The majority of foundry units in Rajkot produce grey iron castings for the domestic market. About 2% of the foundry units export castings such as electric motor castings and automobile castings.
Rajkot district is one of the 33 districts of the Indian state of Gujarat. Located in Saurashtra peninsula, Rajkot city is the administrative headquarters of the district. It is the third-most advanced district in Gujarat and the fourth most populus.
This district is surrounded by Morbi district in north, Surendranagar and Botad districts in east, Amreli and Junagadh districts in south and Porbandar Jamnagar district in west. The district occupies an area of 11203 km².
According to the 2011 census Rajkot district has a population of 3,804,558, roughly equal to the nation of Liberia or the US state of Oregon. This gives it a ranking of 68th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 339 inhabitants per square kilometre (880/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 19.87%. Rajkot has a sex ratio of 924 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 82.2%.
At the time of the 2011 Census of India, 96.41% of the population in the district spoke Gujarati, 1.96% Hindi and 0.73% Sindhi as their first language.
It had a population of 3,169,881 of which 51.29% were urban as of 2001. The literacy rate is 74.85% (2001 census).
|Religions in Rajkot (2011)|
|Distribution of religions|
The Gujarat State Road Transport Corporation (GSRTC) runs regular buses to and from Rajkot to other cities of Gujarat. More than 81000 people travel daily with GSRTC. Rajkot is very well connected with Gujarat State Highways and Rajkot is allocated the vehicle registration code GJ-3 by RTO. There are a number of private bus operators connecting city with other cities of Gujarat state and other states of India.
Rajkot has two railway stations. Rajkot Junction railway station (station code: RJT) is the more widely used railway station for passenger trains, and has services to all the major cities of India. Its elevation is 128 m above sea level. The other, smaller, railway station is Bhaktinagar Railway Station (station code: BKNG), served only by trains from Somnath, Veraval, Junagadh and Porbandar.
Rajkot Airport is located at a short distance from the city and can be accessed by cab and auto rickshaw services. There are two daily flights to Mumbai, served by Air India. Spicejet started its services from Mumbai to Rajkot on 27 October 2019. Air India started the Rajkot New Delhi flight from 15 February 2015. One more daily flight from and to New Delhi has been started by Air India from 1 August 2019. Now the government had also made the decisions to built international airport in Rajkot namely Rajkot Greenfield Airport which currently under the construction. More flights are being added by SpiceJet and IndiGo airlines in 2021 to new destinations like Bangalore, Hyderabad and Goa.
A place for traditional shopping in Rajkot, Gujarat is the Gujari Bazar. It is your go-to place for buying exquisite Gujarati handloom and artefacts. The most famous item it is recognized for is the Bandhani Sarees. Bandhani is a type of tie-and-dye art decorated by plucking the clothes with fingernails into figurative designs. The all-pervasive art is a gift of the local communities in Gujarat and Rajasthan. The colorful designs of fabric are so beautiful you would definitely like to don one.
Reliance Mall is a convenient neighbourhood mall that houses all Reliance brands along with third party fashion and lifestyle brands. It spread over 19 cities in the country and growing. The mall offers a wide variety of food joints, workshops, fun games and a host of entertaining activities around the year. The mall has forged strong and enduring bonds with millions of clients by providing them with unlimited options and outstanding superior-quality. Reliance Mall offers free wi-fi to its valuable customers.
Galaxy Cinema is one of the famous movie theatres in Rajkot. It has been providing the best quality picture and very modern Dolby 7.1 Sound and also has single-screen theatre boasts of an impeccable audio-visual system for many years. It is also serving an array of snacks and fast food. Galaxy Cinema is a state-of-the-art cinema hall which screens all the latest blockbusters. The ticket rates are economical, and you can choose from the balcony, upper and lower seats.
Jubilee Garden is located in Lohana Para, the heart of the ever-bustling and busy city of Rajkot. It is an open garden with an expanse of lush green fields within its boundaries and is perfect for a family picnic or a day out with friends. There are a museum, an auditorium and a library. Jubilee Garden is an excellent hangout for people of all ages. The park offers a food stall and cafes. Jubilee Garden offers no entry fees.
Wockhardt Hospital is one of the leading multispeciality hospitals in Rajkot. The hospital is accredited by NBAH and has fifteen years of experience in the medical field. The hospital has a hundred seventy beds, seven operation theatres, one Operation Theatre dedicated to Endoscopies with a full-time expert surgical team. It has the latest integrated Hospital Information System for patient billing and storage of medical records. The team of doctors and staff provides the best possible approach, supports, and motivates the patients.