Vadodara, also known as Baroda, is the third-largest city in the Indian state of Gujarat. It serves as the administrative headquarters of the Vadodara district and is situated on the banks of the Vishwamitri River, 141 kilometres (88 mi) from the state capital of Gandhinagar. The railway line and National Highway 8, which connect Delhi with Mumbai, pass through Vadodara. The city is named for its abundance of the Banyan (Vad) tree. Vadodara is also locally referred to as the Sanskari Nagari (transl. ’Cultural City’) and Kala Nagari (transl. ’City of Art’) of India.
The city is prominent for landmarks such as the Laxmi Vilas Palace, which served as the residence of the Maratha royal Gaekwad dynasty, a that ruled over Baroda State. It is also the home of the Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda.
The city in one period was called Chandanavati after[vague] the rule of Chanda of the Dodiya Rajputs. The capital was also known[ as Virakshetra or Viravati (Land of Warriors). Later on,[when?] it was known as Vadpatraka or Vadodará,[vague] and according to tradition, is a corrupt form of the Sanskrit word vatodar, meaning “in the belly of the Banyan tree”. It is, as of 2000, almost impossible to ascertain when the various changes in the name were made; early English travellers and merchants of the 18th century mention the town as Baroda, and it is from this, that the name Baroda is derived; in 1974 (well after independence) the official name of the city was changed to Vadodara.
Vadodara is located at 22.30°N 73.19°E in western India at an elevation of 39 metres (128 ft). It is the 10th-largest city in India with an area of 400 square kilometres (150 sq mi) and a population of 3.5 million, according to the 2010–11 census. The city sits on the banks of the Vishwamitri River, in central Gujarat. The Vishwamitri frequently dries up in the summer, leaving only a small stream of water. The city is located on the fertile plain between the Mahi and Narmada Rivers. According to the Bureau of Indian Standards, the cosmopolis falls under seismic zone-III, on a scale of I to V (in order of increasing proneness to earthquakes).
The cities across the country have witnessed significant change over the past 10-15 years on the back of high GDP growth in the economy, infrastructure development and the evolution of the services sector in the country. Vadodara is one of those. Economy here is mainly based on Fertilisers, Cotton textiles, Machine tools, Pharmaceuticals, chemicals, Biotechnology , Engineering, Tobacco, Fisheries, glass and Dairy. Agriculture also plays important role in the economy of Vadodara. Crops like Tobacco, Groundnut, wheat , Grams, Jowar, Oilseeds, and Sugarcane. Vadodara is leading producer of pulses, fruits and flowers in the state of Gujarat.
Located in Vadodara are over 35% India’s power transmission and distribution equipment manufacturers and an estimated 800 ancillaries supporting the big player in power sector manufacturing and enggneering industry.
Vadodara is also home to Vadodara Stock Exchange (VSE).
Vadodara District also known as Baroda District is a district in the eastern part of the state of Gujarat in western India. The city of Vadodara (Baroda), in the western part of the district, is the administrative headquarters. Vadodara District covers an area of 7,794 km². As of 2011, the district had a population of 4,165,626 of which 49.6% were urban, 50.4% were rural, 5.3% were scheduled castes and 27.6% were scheduled tribes. As of 2011 it is the third most populous district of Gujarat (out of 33), after Ahmadabad and Surat.
According to the 2011 India census, Vadodara metropolitan area had a population of 3,500,000. In Vadodara, 9% of the population is under 6 years of age. Gujarati, Marathi, Hindi, and English are the languages spoken in the city. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%.
|Population Growth of Vadodara|
Vadodara was part of the historic Bombay, Baroda and Central India Railway (BBCI), which arrived in the city in January 1861. On 5 November 1951 the BBCI Railway was merged with the Saurashtra, Rajputana and Jaipur railways to create the Western Railway. Vadodara Railway Station now belongs to the Western Railway zone of Indian Railways and is a major junction on the Western Railway Main Line.
The under-construction Mumbai–Ahmedabad high-speed rail corridor, India’s first High-speed rail line will have a stop at the existing Vadodara Junction railway station. The station is planned for renovation to accommodate the new line.
Vadodara bus station is also beautifully designed as a symbol of Banyan (Vad) trees and located near by Railway Station. It also has a market, food court and multiplex facilities.
Vadodara Airport (IATA: BDQ) is located north-east of the city. Vadodara has flight connections with Mumbai, New Delhi and Bangalore. Air India and IndiGo are currently operating their services from the airport. A new integrated international terminal has been constructed at the Vadodara airport and was inaugurated in October 2016. Vadodara is the first Green Airport in Gujarat and Second Green Airport in India after Kochi.
MARKET(teen darwaza Market)
One of the best shopping places in Vadodara for ethnic wear is Teen Darwaza Bazaar. Whether you want to buy bandhani sarees or suit, ghagra choli or just the dress materials, you will never be disappointed with the plethora of options this market offers. There are so many shops that you can choose from to buy the ethnic wear of your choice. You will also come across shops that sell silver ornaments that can be bought at a bargain
SHOPPING MALL (inorbit MALL)
Inorbit mall has a chain of malls across the country and is a subsidiary of Evo enterprises and K Raheja Corporation. This was the 6th mall of the franchise that was launched on 5th September 2013. This is one of the biggest malls in Vadodara. You can get an idea of how big it actually is by checking out its official website as well. Yes, it does have an official website. This mall has popular brands such as Adidas, Levis, U.S. Polo Assn. and others. Apart from this, you can find facilities like TM, wifi, baby care room as well. It is one of the best malls of Vadodara.
Sayaji Baug is a garden located in Vadodara, Gujarat, India. Also known as “Kamati Baug,” it was built by H.H. Maharaja Sayaji Rao Gaekwad – a great visionary ruler of Baroda. It is the biggest garden in Western India with the area surrounding more than 100 acres. It has one of the biggest floral clock in World and in India.
Metro Hospital Group is having nearly two decades of experience in providing high quality super specialtiy care in India. The group has total 13 hospitals in India, comprising of more than 1500 beds. The hospital has been established to create a center for excellence in the areas of Neurology & Neuro-Surgery, Orthopedics, Joint Replacement & Spine Surgery, General Surgery & Laparoscopic Surgery, Urology and Nephrology, Internal Medicine & Critical Care, Interventional Pulmonology, Plastic Surgery, Bariatric Surgery & Many more.