Jaipur is the capital and the largest city of the Indian state of Rajasthan. As of 2011, the city had a population of 3.1 million, making it the tenth most populous city in the country. Jaipur is also known as the Pink City, due to the dominant colour scheme of its buildings. It is located 268 km (167 miles) from the national capital New Delhi. On 6 July 2019, UNESCO World Heritage Committee inscribed Jaipur the “Pink City of India” among its World Heritage Sites. Jaipur was founded in 1727 by the Kacchawa Rajput ruler Jai Singh II, the ruler of Amer, after whom the city is named. It was one of the earliest planned cities of modern India, designed by Vidyadhar Bhattacharya. During the British Colonial period, the city served as the capital of Jaipur State. After independence in 1947, Jaipur was made the capital of the newly formed state of Rajasthan.
Jaipur is a popular tourist destination in India and forms a part of the west Golden Triangle tourist circuit along with Delhi and Agra (240 km, 149 mi). It also serves as a gateway to other tourist destinations in Rajasthan such as Jodhpur (348 km, 216 mi), Jaisalmer (571 km, 355 mi), Udaipur (421 km, 262 mi), Kota (252 km, 156 mi) and Mount Abu (520 km, 323 mi). Jaipur is located 616 km from Shimla.
The city of Jaipur was founded by King of Amer, Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II on 18 November 1727, who ruled from 1699 to 1743. He planned to shift his capital from Amer, 11 kilometres (7 mi) to Jaipur to accommodate the growing population and increasing scarcity of water. Jai Singh consulted several books on architecture and architects while planning the layout of Jaipur. Under the architectural guidance of Vidyadhar Bhattacharya, Jaipur was planned based on the principles of Vastu Shastra and Shilpa Shastra. The construction of the city began in 1726 and took four years to complete the major roads, offices, and palaces. The city was divided into nine blocks, two of which contained the state buildings and palaces, with the remaining seven allotted to the public. Huge ramparts were built, pierced by seven fortified gates.
During the rule of Sawai Ram Singh I, the city was painted pink to welcome HRH Albert Edward, Prince of Wales (who later became King Edward VII, Emperor of India), in 1876. Many of the avenues still remain painted in pink, giving Jaipur a distinctive appearance and the epithet Pink city.
Jaipur district is ranked 10th among the most populated districts of the country. Census 2011 suggests the district’s population as 66,26,178. The population density is calculated to be 598 humans per square kilometer. Comparing census of 2001 and 2011, there has been a population growth of 26.91%.According to Census 2011, the gender ratio of the district is 909 females every 1000 males. The literacy ratio is calculated to be 76.44%.
The district is mostly occupied by people of Hindu religion. It is observed that 89% of the local population follows Hindu religion. 7% of the district’s population follows Islam religion. The remaining 4% of the population is constituted by the people who follow Jainism, Christianity, Buddhism and Sikh religions.
In addition to its role as the provincial capital, educational, and administrative centre, the economy of Jaipur is fuelled by tourism, gemstone cutting, the manufacture of jewellery and luxury textiles, and information technology. Three major trade promotion organisations have their offices in Jaipur. These are: Federation of Indian Chambers of Commerce & Industry, (FICCI) the PHD Chamber of Commerce and Industry (PHDCCI) and the Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) which has its regional offices here. In 2008, Jaipur was ranked 31 among the 50 Emerging Global Outsourcing cities. Jaipur Stock Exchange is one of the regional stock exchanges in India and was founded in 1989. Jaipur is a major hub for arts and crafts. It has many traditional shops selling antiques, jewellery, handicrafts, gems, bangles, pottery, carpets, textiles, leather and metal products. Jaipur is one of India’s largest manufacturers of hand-knotted rugs. Jaipur leg, a rubber-based prosthetic leg for people with below-knee amputations, was designed and is produced in Jaipur.
Jaipur District is a district of the state of Rajasthan in Northern India. The city of Jaipur, which is Rajasthan’s capital and largest city, is the district headquarters. It is the tenth most populous district in India (out of 640).
Jaipur, city, capital of Rajasthan state, northwestern India. It is situated in the east-central part of the state, roughly equidistant from Alwar (northeast) and Ajmer (southwest). It is Rajasthan’s most-populous city.
A walled town surrounded (except to the south) by hills, the city was founded in 1727 by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh to replace nearby Amber (now Amer, a part of Jaipur) as the capital of the princely state of Jaipur (founded by the Rajputs in the 12th century CE). Jaipur grew dramatically in size in the late 20th and early 21st centuries, doubling its population between 1991 and 2011. It has a mixed Hindu-Muslim population. The city was the site of numerous bombing attacks in the early 21st century, with mosques and Hindu temples being targets.
According to provisional report of 2011 census, Jaipur city had a population of 3,073,350. The overall literacy rate for the city is 84.34%. 90.61% males and 77.41% females were literate. The sex ratio was 898 females per 1,000 males & the child sex ratio was recorded 854. However, the population of the city is expected to grow up to around 39.1 lakhs (3.91 million). According to the 2011 census, Hindus form the majority religious group comprising 77.9% of the city’s population, followed by Muslims (18.6%), Jains (2.4%) and others (1.2%).
|Religion in Jaipur city (2011)|
Jaipur is the headquarters of North Western Railway Zone of Indian Railways. Jaipur Junction railway station is well connected to all major cities of India like Delhi, Mumbai, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Indore, Lucknow, Visakhapatnam and Ahmedabad. Other stations include Gandhinagar, Bhagalpur, Jagatpura, Ninad Benad and Sanganer.
Jaipur BRTS was approved by the government in August 2006. Jaipur BRTS is managed by JCSTL, a special purpose vehicle formed by Jaipur Development Authority and Jaipur Nagar Nigam. In Phase I, two corridors have been proposed: a “North-South Corridor” from Sikar Road to Tonk Road and an “East-West Corridor” from Ajmer Road to Delhi Road. A section of the North-South Corridor from bypass near Harmada to Pani Pech became operational in 2010.
Jaipur International Airport is in Sanganer, 12.2 km (8 miles) from the centre. The airport handled 363,899 international and 2,540,451 domestic passengers in 2015–2016. Jaipur Airport also provides air cargo services. During winter, sometimes flights towards Indira Gandhi International Airport are diverted to Jaipur Airport due to heavy fog in Delhi. The airport operates regular domestic services to major Indian cities including Ahmedabad, Bengaluru, Chandigarh, Raipur, Chennai, Delhi, Guwahati, Hyderabad, Visakhapatnam, Indore, Kolkata, Lucknow, Mumbai, Pune, Surat, Udaipur, Bikaner, and Varanasi. International destinations served include Dubai, Muscat, Bangkok, Sharjah and Kuala Lumpur.
Jaipur bedspreads and quilts are famous all over the world and you can find them at affordable rates in Aravalli Bazaar. From handloom to home decor to ethnic carved furniture and woodwork, Aravalli Bazaar is the home of exclusive Jaipur artifacts.
SHOPPING MALL (TRITON MALL)
Sprawling over magnanimous 4.5 lakh square feet. The Triton is a landmark destination for luxury shopping, featuring top-of-the-line luxury stores, exclusive shops and premium spaces.
Raj Mandir Cinema is a movie theatre in Jaipur in Rajasthan state in India. Situated on the Bhagwan Das Road, near M.I. Road, the meringue-shaped auditorium opened in 1976, and over the years has seen many movie premieres of Hindi films, and has become a popular symbol of Jaipur
Central Park, constructed by the Jaipur Development Authority is the largest park in Jaipur, India. It is located, as its name suggests, in the centre of Jaipur city. Having a big lush green beautiful garden and Rambagh Polo Ground and golf club nearby makes it an enjoyable place in Jaipur.
Central Park Garden also has a 4 kilometres (2.5 mi) long jogging and walking track. A number of migratory and native birds visit the park during the year
Rajasthan Hospital is a culmination of years of envisioning with the motto of creating a centre that heals the society. We are an advanced multispecialty hospital with a simple yet bold Vision – “Healing for all”. We identify ourselves foremost as a healing home and then a hospital. With modern infrastructure and state of the art amenities, we provide the best technical facilities with the comfort of a home. We, at Rajasthan Hospitals, have redefined the prevailing standards of technology, infrastructure and clinical care, bringing with itself a level of care that gives a massive boost to patient outcomes.