Nashik also called as Nasik is an ancient city and the largest city in the northern region of the Indian state of Maharashtra. Situated on the banks of river Godavari, Nashik is the fourth largest city in Maharashtra, after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. Nashik is well known for being one of the Hindu pilgrimage sites of the Kumbh Mela, which is held every 12 years. Nashik is located about 190 km north of state capital Mumbai. The city is called the “Wine Capital of India” as more than half of India’s vineyards and wineries are located here. Around 90% of all wine produced in India comes from the Nashik Valley.
Nashik is one of the fastest growing cities in India. It has been a major industrial center in automobile hub. The city houses companies like Atlas Copco, Robert Bosch GmbH, CEAT Limited, Crompton Greaves, Graphite India, ThyssenKrupp, Epcos, Everest Industries, Gabriel India, GlaxoSmithKline, Hindustan Coca-Cola, Hindustan Unilever Limited, Jindal Polyster, Jyoti Structures, Kirlosker Oil Engines, KSB Pumps, Larsen & Toubro, Mahindra and Mahindra, Mahindra Sona, United Spirits Limited, Perfect Circle Industries, Mahindra Ugine Steel, Samsonite, Shalimar Paints, Siemens, VIP Industries, Indian Oil Corporation, XLO India Limited and Jindal Saw etc.
Nashik was known by different names in different Yugas. According to Hindu legends, It was known as “Padmanagar” during Satya Yuga, “Trikantak” during Treta Yuga, “Janasthana” during Dvapara Yuga, and ultimately “Navashikh” or “Nashik” during Kali Yuga. During the Mughal period it was known as “Gulshanabad”, the city of roses. Nashik has mythological, historical, social and cultural importance. The city is situated on the banks of the Godavari River, making it one of the holiest places for Hindus all over the world. According to Hindu mythology, Lord Rama, the King of Ayodhya, made Nashik his abode during his 14 years in exile. At the same place Lord Laxman, by the wish of Lord Rama, cut the nose of “Shurpanakha” and thus this city was named as “Nasik” as the word Nasik means nose in Sanskrit.
After the fall of the Satavahana empire, the Abhiras or Ahirs ruled in the north east and the Chutus in Maharashtra and Kuntala. The Puranas state that ten Abhira tribes ruled for 67 years. The Nashik inscription speaks of king Madhuriputra Ishvarasena, the Abhir and a son of Shivadatla. This dynasty originated in 249–250 CE, an era called Kalachuri or Chedi in later times.
Classical Sanskrit poets like Valmiki, Kālidāsa and Bhavabhuti have paid rich tributes here. In 150 BCE Nashik was the country’s largest market place. From 1487 CE, the province came under the rule of Mughals and its name was changed Gulshanabad (No such proofs for this name). It was also home of Emperor Akbar who wrote at length about Nashik in Ein-e-Akbari. It was also known as the ‘Land of the Brave’ during the regime of Maratha Emperor Shivaji.
The most important historical significance is that Kumbh Mela is conducted at Nashik once every twelve years, out of 4 places in India.
Nashik lies in the northern part of Maharashtra state at 584 m (1,916 ft) from the mean sea level which gives it ideal temperature variation, particularly in winters.
The river Godavari originates from the Brahmagiri Mountain, Trimbakeshwar about 24 km (15 mi) from Nashik and flows through the old residential settlement, now in the central part of the city. Due to high pollution created by factories in proximity of the city the river was dying at an alarming rate. It has since been successfully cleaned.
Nashik lies on the western edge of the Deccan Plateau which is an ancient volcanic formation.
Trimbakeshwar is about 30 km (19 mi) from the city, it is where from river Godavari originates. The land area of the city is about 259.13 km2 (100.05 sq mi).
In early 1925, the table grape revolution was started in Ojhar, a small town near Nashik, by Raosaheb Jairam Krishna Gaikwad. Today, table grapes are exported to Europe, the Middle East, and Asia.
The Igatpuri-Nashik-Sinnar investment region is an important node in the US$90 billion Delhi Mumbai Industrial Corridor Project.
Nashik is a defense and aerospace manufacturing hub with Hindustan Aeronautics Limited aircraft manufacturing plant located at Ozar. The Currency Note Press and India Security Press are on Nashik Road, where Indian currency and government stamp papers are printed respectively.
Existing industrial areas in Nashik district are Satpur, Ambad, Sinnar, Igatpuri, Dindori and Vinchur. The proposed additional areas are Sinnar, Malegaon and Rajur Bahula.
Large-scale industries present in Nashik district are Atlas Copco, Robert Bosch GmbH, CEAT Limited, Crompton Greaves, Graphite India, ThyssenKrupp, Epcos, Everest Industries, Gabriel India, GlaxoSmithKline, Hindustan Coca-Cola, Hindustan Unilever Limited, Jindal Polyster, Jyoti Structures, Kirlosker Oil Engines, KSB Pumps, Larsen & Toubro, Mahindra and Mahindra, Mahindra Sona, United Spirits Limited, Perfect Circle Industries, Mahindra Ugine Steel, Samsonite, Shalimar Paints, Siemens, VIP Industries, Indian Oil Corporation, XLO India Limited and Jindal Saw.
Nashik district, also known as Nasik district, is a district in Maharashtra, India. The city of Nashik is the administrative headquarters of the district. Nashik is well known for the production of wine. Nashik is also known as Mini Maharashtra, because the climate and soil conditions of Surgana, Peth, Igatpuri resembles with Konkan. Niphad, Sinnar, Dindori, Baglan blocks are like Western Maharashtra and Yeola, Nandgaon, Chandwad blocks are like Vidarbha Region. Nashik is the biggest city in the district while malegaon is the second biggest city. Manmad, Igatpuri, sinnar are some of the big cities situated in the Nashik District. manmad is one of the biggest railway junction in india while the city of malegaon is famous for its powerlooms
Nashik district is the third largest district in Maharashtra in terms of population of 6,107,187 and occupying an area of 15,582 square kilometres in the north Maharashtra region. It is bounded by Dhule District to the north, Jalgaon District to the east, Aurangabad District to the southeast, Ahmadnagar District to the south, Thane District to the southwest, Valsad and Navsari districts of Gujarat to the west, and The Dangs district of Gujarat state to the northwest.
The Western Ghats or Sahyadri range stretches from north to south across the western portion of the district. With the exception of the westernmost few villages, the western portion is hilly, and intersected by ravines, and only the simplest kind of cultivation is possible. The western slope of the Ghats is drained by several rivers, including the Daman Ganga River, which drains westwards to the Arabian Sea.
Nashik is the fourth largest city in Maharashtra in terms of population after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. According to the Census of India, 2011, Nashik had a population of 1,486,053. Males constitute 782,517 of the population and females 703,536. Metropolitan Nashik population was 1,561,809 in which 821,921 were males and 739,888 were females. Nashik city had an average literacy rate of 89.85%: male literacy was 93.40%, and female literacy was 85.92%.
The sex ratio is 894 per 1,000 males for Nashik city. Child sex ratio is 865 girls per 1,000 boys. In Nashik, 11.42% of the population is under 6 years of age. In census year 2001 the Nashik Urban Agglomeration had a population of 1,152,326. Thus it was the fourth largest urban area of Maharashtra State after Mumbai, Pune and Nagpur. The projected population of Nashik urban agglomeration (which includes abutting urban areas like Deolali) as on 11 November 2012 is 1,562,769.
|Religions in Nashik City
Nasik Road railway station serves Nashik city, Nashik Road and surrounding areas in Nashik district in the Indian state of Maharashtra. It is main railway station of Nashik. It is one of the busiest railway station in India. It is located on Mumbai–Delhi, Mumbai–Kolkata main line. It is A1 category railway station. It comes under Bhusawal Division of Central Railway. Nearly 300 trains have stops at this railway station. Approximately 2,00,000 people travel daily from this railway station. It is one of the cleanest railway station in India.
The Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation abbreviated as (MSRTC, or simply ST), is the state run bus service of Maharashtra, India which serves routes to towns and cities within Maharashtra as well as to its adjoining states. It has a fleet strength of 18,449 buses. It also offers a facility for online booking of tickets for all buses. Recently From 21st May 2020, the Corporation Started Goods Transportation, Private Bus Body Building, Private Vehicle Tyre Remoulding In Future Corporation will start Petrol Pump for Private Vehicles all over the Maharashtra.
Nashik Airport (IATA: ISK, ICAO: VAOZ) is located at Ozar, 20 kilometres (12 mi) northeast of the city of Nashik, Maharashtra, India. It is owned by Hindustan Aeronautics Limited, which uses the airport primarily to develop, test and build aircraft for the Indian Armed Forces. It is home to a maintenance station of the Indian Air Force and also supports wide body commercial cargo services. A new passenger terminal was inaugurated on 3 March 2014. It serves Nashik Metropolitan Region as well as North Maharashtra Region.
If preparing for a cold winter, head to the Tibetan Bazaar in Nashik to buy all sorts of woollens from tiny stalls and shops. This list includes socks and gloves, scarves and mufflers, sweaters and jackets at reasonable prices. The bazaar is a perfect place to satiate hunger, with Maharashtrian delicacies lined up in rows at the food stalls. The marketplace offers chaat, vegetarian and non-vegetarian cuisine. Everything is economical, too.
Nashik City Centre Mall is a place where so many vendors doing business Shopping Mall complex in Nashik, Maharashtra, India. It was developed by the Sarda group in partnership with Erdeen Fund Management, a PE firm from London. The Mall has opened in parts in April 2009 and will fully commence operations by September 2010. Its mix has leading Indian and International brands.
Cinemax – Regimental Plaza Mall, Deolali Gaon is a popular theatre located at Regimental Plaza Mall, 305/2PA, 3rd Floor, Nashik – Pune Road, Bytco Point, Opposite HDFC Bank, Deolali Gaon, South, Nashik. Cinemax – Regimental Plaza Mall, Deolali Gaon has 2 screens. Movies now showing at Cinemax – Regimental Plaza Mall, Deolali Gaon are NONE. Facilities available at Cinemax – Regimental Plaza Mall, Deolali Gaon are Parking Facility, Recliner Seats, Dolby Atmos and Food And Beverage.
Shubham Water World is situated in Anjeneri Hills and the park is dotted with swings and slides and roller coasters and is popular among both the kids and adults. This water park in Nashik also has an amusement park, play area and food options.
Apollo Hospitals, Nashik is located near Panchavati, a holy place near Nashik. Apollo’s mission of bringing healthcare of international standards within the reach of every individual has inspired the group to start this facility at Nashik. Nashik, today is one of the fastest growing economic cities of India with a growing demand for quality health care. This project is based on Apollo’s vision for the next phase of development that is to Touch a Billion Lives and to reach as many districts as possible spreading quality health care to billions.