Thane (Marathi: [ˈʈʰaːɳeː]) is a metropolitan city in Maharashtra, India. It is also called the city of lakes. It is situated in the north-eastern portion of the Salsette Island. Thane city is entirely within Thane taluka, one of the seven talukas of Thane district; also, it is the headquarters of the namesake district. With a population of 1,841,488 distributed over a land area of about 147 square kilometres (57 sq mi), Thane city is the 15th most populated city in India with a population of 1,890,000 according to the 2011 census.
Located on the north-western side of the state of Maharashtra, the city is an immediate neighbour of Mumbai city and a part of the Mumbai Metropolitan Region
A copper plate dating to AD 1078 was discovered near the foundations of Thane Fort in 1787. A land grant from Arikesara Devaraja, lord of Tagara, wherein he addresses the inhabitants of a city called “Sri Sthanaka”.
The British occupied Salsette Island, Thana Fort, Fort Versova and the island fort of Karanja in 1774.
The word ‘Thane’ is derived from local Marathi word “ठाणे” meaning “Police Check Post”. Thane was the next Major British Police Check Post after Mumbai (formerly Bombay).
The name Thane has been variously Romanised as Tana, Thana, Thâṇâ, and Thane. Ibn Battuta and Abulfeda knew it as Kukin Tana; Duarte Barbosa as Tana Mayambu. Before 1996, the city was called ‘Thana’, the British spelling of the city, until it was replaced with the more-local name.
The district is the northernmost part of the Konkan lowlands of Maharashtra. It comprises the wide amphitheatre like Ulhas basin on the south and hilly Vaitama valley on the north together with plateaus and the slopes of Sahyadri.
Thane has a tropical monsoon climate that borders on a tropical wet and dry climate. The overall climate is equable with high rainfall days and very few days of extreme temperatures.
In Thane, temperature varies from 22 °C to 36 °C. Winter temperatures can fall to 12 °C at night while summer temperatures can rise to over 40 °C at noon. The lowest daytime temperatures are witnessed during the peak of the summer monsoon in July and August when temperatures can drop to about 25 °C. Out of total rainfall, 80% rainfall is experienced during June to October. Average annual rainfall is 2000–2500 mm and humidity is 61–86%, making it a humid zone.
Thane district is industrially developed and ranks first in the state of Maharashtra. It’s approachable distance to Mumbai, a ready market city like Mumbai, all infrastructural facilities related to water, electricity, national highways and railways make it approachable and accessible.
The first atomic energy plant was established in the Tarapur (palghar Taluka) in October 1969.The region of Tarapur Dahanu is dedicated to atomic energy council and reliance industries.Industrial estates are established in Thane and areas of Thanewadi, Kalva, Wagle Estate, Murbad and Shahapur. The main textile production is maintained in Bhiwandi.The most important industrial belt is said to be Thane Ambarnath Belapur region. Below are some other industries listed below with respect to its industry.
MUMBAI CITY DISTRICT
Thane district is a most populous district in the Indian state of Maharashtra in Konkan Division. At the 2011 Census it was the most populated district in the nation, with 11,060,148 inhabitants; however, in August 2014 the district was split into two with the creation of a new Palghar district, leaving the reduced Thane district with a 2011 Census population of 8,070,032. The headquarters of the district is the city of Thane. Other major cities in the district are Navi Mumbai, Kalyan-Dombivli, Mira-Bhayander, Bhiwandi, Ulhasnagar, Ambarnath, Badlapur, Murbad and Shahapur.
The district is situated between 18°42′ and 20°20′ north latitudes and 72°45′ and 73°48′ east longitudes. The revised area of the district is 4,214 km². The district is bounded by Nashik district to the north east, Pune and Ahmednagar districts to the east, and by Palghar district to the north. The Arabian Sea forms the western boundary, while it is bounded by Mumbai Suburban district to the south west, and Raigad District to the south.
The population of Thane according to the 2011 census is 1,886,941. The average literacy rate of Thane city is 91.36 percent for where male and female literacy was 94.19 and 88.14 percent respectively. The sex ratio of Thane city is 882 females per 1000 males. Child sex ratio is 900 girls per 1000 boys. Total children (0–6) in Thane city are 186,259 as per Census India report on 2011. There were 98,017 boys while 88,242 are girls. Children form 10.24% of total population of Thane City.
The dominant language spoken in Thane is Marathi. Around 70% of population speaks Marathi. Some of the East Indian families in the Khatri ward of Thane still speak Portuguese. About 1,800 of India’s approximately 5,000 Jews live in Thane.
|Average Literacy (%)||89.41 %||92.14 %||86.33 %|
Thane was the terminus for the first ever passenger train in Asia. On 16 April 1853, the passenger train service was inaugurated between Bori Bunder (Mumbai) and Thane. Covering a distance of 34 km (21 mi), it was hauled by three locomotives: Sahib, Sindh and Sultan.
Thane is connected with neighbouring suburbs through Central and Trans-Harbour Line Suburban railway network. Thane is a railway junction for the Thane-Vashi & Panvel Harbour Line and Central Line. It is one of the busiest stations in India and handles 654,000 passengers daily.
The Thane Municipal Corporation Transport Service, operating under the name “Thane Municipal Transport (T.M.T.)” is the transport wing of Thane Municipal Corporation, which operates many bus lines in the Thane metropolitan area. These buses are called Thane Municipal Transport or T.M.T bus. TMT bus serves the entire Thane City. It also has operation outside city limits into neighboring Mumbai, Bhiwandi, Navi Mumbai, Kalyan Dombivali, Mira-Bhayandar and Vasai Virar.
The nearest airport to Thane is Chhatrapati Shivaji International Airport.
Ram Maruti Road is a shopping hub for every pocket size with everything from street stalls selling products for a bargain to niche stores and boutiques for specialized products to high end international brands.
SHOPPING MALL (R CITY MALL)
Viviana Mall is a shopping mall located in Thane West, Thane, Maharashtra. Located on the Eastern Express Highway, it is well-connected with all areas of the city. It has a wide range of retail and entertainment outlets at the mall. Built on a 13-acre plot and spread over an area of 1.7 million sq ft, the mall has a leasable area of approx 1 million sq ft and also (Cinépolis) movie theatre. The mall has Fun City, which is an Arcade for kids to play. The mall has over 250 stores which comprises 19 large and mini anchors tenants
CINEPOLIS VIVANIA MALL
Jogger’s Park is a seaside jogging track along with a park in Bandra, Mumbai. It is situated at the southern end of the Carter Road. The park was opened to the public on 27 May 1990 and receives more than 2000 visitors on weekdays and double the number on Sundays.
Currae Hospital is a chain of multi-specialty hospitals in India. It has its hospitals in Thane and Mumbai.
Currae is owned by Apoorva Patni, son of Ashok Patni who co-founded Patni Computer Systems. Patni Healthcare Ltd. owns and operates Currae Hospitals. It is engaged in providing specialties including orthopaedics and spine, general surgery, bariatric, gynaecology, urology, plastic and cosmetic surgery and gastroenterology.